Friday, August 5, 2011

A Craft You Can Eat

We had this candy store near our school and all the kids would flock there after school. When my sister and I were kids my parents would give each of us 50 cents to buy a treat from the candy store after school. My favorite candy was candy necklaces and these wafer candies that looked like flying saucers with beads inside. I always bought one of those, a peanut chewy thing called "Squirrels", some Sixlets and my favorite,rock candy. 

Making your own rock candy is a fun. Thee recipe below is for rock candy that you can eat. You can color and flavor the candy, too.
Rock Candy Materials
Basically all you need to make rock candy is sugar and hot water. The color of your crystals will depend on the type of sugar you use (raw sugar is more golden and refined granulated sugar) and whether or not you add coloring. Any food-grade colorant will work.

Materials Needed:
  • 3 cups sugar
  • 1 cup water
  • clean glass jar
  • cotton string
  • pencil or knife
  • food coloring (optional)
  • 1/2 tsp to 1 tsp flavoring oil or extract (optional)
  • Lifesaver candy (optional)
  • pan
  • stove or microwave
Make Rock Candy
  1. Pour the sugar and water into the pan.
  2. Heat the mixture to a boil, stirring constantly. You want the sugar solution to hit boiling, but not get hotter or cook too long. If you overheat the sugar solution you'll make hard candy, which is nice, but not what we're going for here.
  3. Stir the solution until all the sugar has dissolved. The liquid will be clear or straw-colored, without any sparkly sugar. If you can get even more sugar to dissolve, that's good, too.
  4. If desired, you can add food coloring and flavoring to the solution. Mint, cinnamon, or lemon extract are good flavorings to try. Squeezing the juice from a lemon, orange, or lime is a way to give the crystals natural flavor, but the acid and other sugars in the juice may slow your crystal formation.
  5. Set the pot of sugar syrup in the refrigerator to cool. You want the liquid to be about 50°F (slightly cooler than room temperature). Sugar becomes less soluble as it cools, so chilling the mixture will make it so there is less chance of accidentally dissolving sugar you are about to coat on your string.
  6. While the sugar solution is cooling, prepare your string. You are using cotton string because it is rough and non-toxic. Tie the string to a pencil, knife, or other object that can rest across the top of the jar. You want the string to hang into the jar, but not touch the sides or bottom.
  7. You don't want to weight your string with anything toxic, so rather than use a metal object, you can tie a Lifesaver to the bottom of the string.
  8. Whether you are using the Lifesaver or not, you want to 'seed' the string with crystals so that the rock candy will form on the string rather than on the sides and bottom of the jar. There are two easy ways to do this. One is to dampen the string with a little of the syrup you just made and dip the string in sugar. Another option is to soak the string in the syrup and then hang it to dry, which will cause crystals to form naturally (this method produces 'chunkier' rock candy crystals).
  9. Once your solution has cooled, pour it into the clean jar. Suspend the seeded string in the liquid. Set the jar somewhere quiet. You can cover the jar with a paper towel or coffee filter to keep the solution clean.
  10. Check on your crystals, but don't disturb them. You can remove them to dry and eat when you are satisfied with the size of your rock candy. Ideally you want to allow the crystals to grow for 3-7 days.
  11. You can help your crystals grow by removing (and eating) any sugar 'crust' that forms on top of the liquid. If you notice a lot of crystals forming on the sides and bottom of the container and not on your string, remove your string and set it aside. Pour the crystallized solution into a saucepan and boil/cool it (just like when you make the solution). Add it to a clean jar and suspend your growing rock candy crystals.

You can watch a video tutorial for making rock candy if you would like to see what to expect.
**Common problems when making rock candy.

Books related to topic:

"The incredible secret formula book" gives plenty of neat little things to keep you and your kids busy on those boring summer days. Most of the things in this book use items you probably all ready have in your home: paper, corn starch, sugar and various food items. This book details things like How to make invisible ink or disappering ink. If that doesn't interest you there's making chalk out of egg shells or how to recylce paper. You can even make "Mutant slime" a kids favorite. Don't like mutant Slime? How 'bout psylly slime or miss muppet slime? Victal slime or udderly gross slime? Lots of fun for kids and thier mom and or dad" Reviewed by: Yoco  FOR MORE INFORMATION

"I got this for my sons who both love science. They loved looking at the book, and we even tried a couple, but they've really got to be in a focused, paying-attention mood to do these. More than once, I've gotten out all of the materials to do it, only to find that they didn't want to do it anymore. My oldest is 8, so maybe the 10-12 age range might have better luck" Reviewed By:Raisingkidsforgod

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